Enhancing the Consistency of Power Battery Packs: Six Effective Methods

1. Production Process OptimizationBattery manufacturers need to maintain rigorous control over various raw materials, including implementing standards for raw m...

Nov 08,2023 | Grace

Battery

1. Production Process Optimization

Battery manufacturers need to maintain rigorous control over various raw materials, including implementing standards for raw material selection to ensure consistency in particle size and performance. It's important to monitor the rheology of the battery slurry,Battery recycling machine prevent prolonged slurry storage, and maintain uniformity during coating. For materials like lithium iron phosphate, which have fine particles and poor processing performance, pay attention to reducing the coating machine's speed during application. Verify slurry viscosity, inspect pole piece appearance, remove defective pieces, and weigh pole pieces to ensure consistent quality. Regularly compare battery quality before and after liquid injection and implement temperature and humidity controls. Establish standards for raw materials, and store and inspect materials accordingly. Implement process consistency checks and statistical process control (SPC) to ensure every stage operates within specified tolerances, thereby maintaining the process capability index in line with the normal distribution law of production parameters.

2. Assembly Process Improvements

Ensure that battery packs incorporate uniform battery specifications and models, especially with regard to the initial voltage consistency. Perform screening using various criteria such as voltage, internal resistance, and battery chemistry data.cylindrical battery pack mahcine Evaluate consistency using methods such as the extreme coefficient of difference, the standard deviation coefficient of difference, and the threshold method, along with clustering analysis to classify batteries. Calculate parameters based on capacity or voltage thresholds, shape, distance between curves, area enclosed by curves, etc. Select and group batteries with closer charge/discharge curves, smaller relative distances, smaller area differences, and smaller variations between groups during charge and discharge, thereby achieving optimal and consistent grouping.

3. Battery Equalization Management

Through a battery management system, continuously monitor single battery parameters during battery pack usage, particularly voltage distribution during vehicle operation. Understand the development patterns of individual battery inconsistency within battery packs.cell stacking machine Make timely adjustments or replacements to extreme parameter batteries to prevent parameter inconsistencies from increasing over time. Implement measures to prevent overcharging and deep discharging. Maintain a stable operating environment with controlled temperature and reduced vibrations, minimizing water, dust, and other contamination of battery terminals. Implement practical energy management and equalization systems, develop a reasonable battery equalization strategy, and actively intervene to reduce battery inconsistency.

4. Battery Thermal Management

Battery usage conditions, internal resistance, battery arrangement, and more can lead to temperature differences within batteries during charge and discharge. The role of battery thermal management is to maintain an optimal operating temperature range for the battery pack, ensuring consistent temperature conditions between batteries and consequently consistent operating parameters. (Each 10°C temperature rise doubles battery degradation rate.)

5. Energy Management Control Strategy

Within the constraints of output power, minimize the depth of battery discharges, as deep discharges contribute to lithium-ion battery inconsistency and reduced battery pack lifespan. Prevent deep discharges and avoid overcharging. Implement an equalization circuit in the system to prevent individual battery overcharging and reduce the charging termination voltage appropriately, extending the battery pack's cycle life.

6. Routine Maintenance

Perform individual maintenance charging for low-capacity batteries at specified intervals to restore their performance. Carry out small-current maintenance charging for the battery pack, promoting self-equalization and performance recovery. Ensure a consistent operating environment for the battery pack, reducing vibrations and the risk of water, dust, and other contamination at the battery terminals. Note that these procedures can be challenging to implement in vehicles and typically require integration between the battery system and vehicle controller for execution.


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